Learn how to create a Static and Dynamic Bash Shell Script file

In this article, we will learn how to create a shell script by using the following methods

1.Static Shell script

2)Dynamic shell script

Static shell script: In static scripting, you can execute any no.of times and it generates the same output i.e it is not taking the runtime input values while executing your script.

Dynamic Shell script: It always takes the runtime input values, based on the different sets of input values it will generate different outputs.

Let us create one basic monitoring script by using the static method

Ex:1 Create a script to monitor your server performance

Method: Static

#vi   /myscript.sh


echo "Display the Memory usage details"

echo "***********************************"

free  -m

echo "Display the Server Load average and run time details"

echo "************************************"


echo "Display the  Cpu activity and RAM Details"

echo "**************************************"

cat  /proc/meminfo

echo "***************************************"


Now Add the Execute permission

#chmod u+x   /myscript.sh

Run the script as follows

#./myscript.sh  or sh  /myscript.sh

Once you execute the script the interpreter reads each and every line from the file and displays the output on the console.

Sample Output:👇🏿👇🏿

The main advantage of using the shell programming is automatically it executes all your larger tasks, you can combine multiple commands in a single file that are required to monitor your server performance and by adding the execute permission you can run the script file as a program.

Ex:2  Display the Total Number of Lines in a file

Method: Static

when I run a script it should display the total number of lines in a file. As all we know in Linux we have many commands to get this from the command line arguments, the same task if I put it inside the script file how it works🤗

let us create the  script file as follows

#vi  /demo.sh


echo "Display the Total Number of Lines in a file"

cat  /var/log/messages    |wc  -l

echo "End Of Script"


Sample Output:👇🏿👇🏿

As you can see from the above output the file has a total number of 68 lines.

Ex:3  Create a script that tells the username and prints the running process

#vi  /test.sh


echo   "Hello,$USER

echo  "Hey, I am " $USER " and I will show you the current running process details"

echo "Display the Running processes details"



Sample Output:👇🏿👇🏿

As you can see from the above output the ps displays the running processes details from your current terminal

Note: To display all the running processes from all the terminal you must have to use the option -aux with the ps command.

Ex:4 Create a script to get the runtime input values from the keyboard(Dynamic Method)

In shells scripting, we use the command “read” to get the inputs from the keyboard, the read command  what this does is wait for the user to type something followed by the enter key it  stores that given input to the variable

Let me create a simple script to get the inputs from  by using the read command

#vi  /dynamic.sh


echo "Hi there, What is your First Name?"

read var1

echo "Welcome Mr/Mrs. $var1, Would you like to tell us the last name?"

read var2

echo "Thanks, Mr/Mrs. $a $b for telling us your name"

echo "*********************************"

echo "Mr/Mrs, $b its time to say goodbye"


Sample Output:👇🏿👇🏿

Ex:5 Get the inputs from the keyboard

#vi  /script.sh


echo "Please type your name"

read  data

echo "Hi $data, Let us be friends"


As you can see from the above output, read command takes the input which is assigned from the keyboard and then it stored the value inside the variable “data”, the last line prints the value we assigned ..  next time again run the same script, give another input you will get different output this is why it is called as the dynamic scripting(i.e It always takes the runtime input values)

In our next article, I will share you more programs by using the “read command”.

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