As we all know Shells are interactive i.e it accepts the inputs from the keyboard given by a user and execute them ,Suppose if you have a routine task and that task is having some 20 to 30 Unix commands then it would be difficult for the administrator to execute each and every command one by one to create a report, to ease the administrator task we put all the Required commands in a text file and tell the user to execute them this is called as a shell script
A script could be written to start a database, shut down a database, start a backup program check whether a specific service is up and if not it could start it, so many other tasks can be done using the shell scripts.
NOTE: Writing shell scripts halt automates the administration tasks saves the admin time etc..
Advantages of having Shell Scripting:
1.Ease of use: If you have to run a sequence of commands in your daily task then it is easier to have a shell script file to do them. All you have to do is just execute the file to run the several commands.
2.Easier to Remember: If you are using man arguments and options it is quite easy to miss command options or arguments if you are typing it every time into the command line.
Procedure to create a Shell script file:
1. Create a file with the required commands or codes as per the requirements.
2. The command or code to be run by some interpreter so Add the interpreter in to the script file(here we use “bash” as the interpreter).
3. Add the commands or codes in to the script file
4. Add the execute permission to the script file
5.Run the script file
These all are the steps you need to follow to create a proper shell script file.
Ex:1 Create a basic Monitoring Shell script file
In this example, I will create a script file which is to monitor the server health performance and resources usages.
#vi /script.sh #!/bin/bash free - m who last |grep reboot who -r netstat -l netstat -s cat /var/log/messages |wc -l :wq!
Step:2 Add the execute permission to the user(here as a root I will execute the script file)
#chmod u+x /script.sh #ls -l /script.sh
Step:3 Run the script file
Syntax: #./scriptfilename #./script.sh
Note: For better view Output has Truncated🖕🏻
As you can see from the above output the interpreter will read and execute each and every command inside the file and prints the output on the screen.
Note: Here “.” indicates run the script from your current path, if the script is not in your current path then you will get the message No such file or directory.
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